For a story without myths. Who is afraid of her?

2023-09-09 10:08:02Pikëpamje SHKRUAR NGA MONIKA STAFA
Monica Staff

Albanians have not yet agreed on the meaning of their history. Not so much for scientific reasons as for reasons of Albanian behavior with history.

It is often said that history is not made by scientists but by the winners. Discussions on the history of Albania are constantly brought back as a matter of the agenda. Time doesn't matter. They are evaluated in every season. And every season brings a new spirit.

So far nothing bad. In all world historiography, historians have this task. Let them see it again. They rewrite it every time a new methodology is discovered. Every time a new document comes out of the archives. Even personal.

It is important that the winners are legitimate. On every battlefield.

But what happens to the history of Albania?

In 33 years after the fall of communism, our history has been re-evaluated and rewritten more than a few times. The professionals' dilemmas have been fatal; to write from scratch or to keep in consideration even partially the historiography tradition that was founded in the second half of the last century?

Change the methodology of interpreting history or change the people who write it? Change the facts and data or their interpretation?

The primary result of all this discussion is the deep shock of the Albanians' faith in their history. Was there anything worthwhile in this story or is all that has been written just a belated national romanticism?

There are no more taboo issues in the history of Albania, nor are there any holy figures.

Sometimes in the name of demystification, other times in the name of depoliticization, even the problems of the genetic source of the Albanian people have been opened up to the assessment and reassessment of the events of 1991-1992 and beyond.

In such a time filled with judgments and prejudices, with hidden and open tendencies, with political conflicts and knowledge, in the European centers of Albanian studies, the portraits of the Albanologists who search, write and publish responsibly, the historical Albanian events and personalities have been consolidated. without personal and political complexes towards any time and course of development.

Many foreigners have undertaken to rewrite the history of Albania. Western especially.

Away from the influences of the old but also the new politics, they turned out to be among the most objective and reliable Albanologists for researchers and the public. Unfortunately for us.

Even though they had to face the difficulties and limitations of the time, the impossibility to touch the Albanian sources, the ideologization of the communist historiography, they tried to give very careful evaluations about the country and the role of the protagonists of our history.

Former King Zog, Queen Geraldine and E. Hoxha. But also other questions such as the following;

What was the anti-fascist war in Albania and did there really exist a "personal union" of Albania with fascist Rome or a "relative neutrality" of it during the Reich?

Why did the nationalists fail thus facilitating the path of political growth for E. Hoxha when the political class of the war period began to think about power and not about liberation?


The process of re-evaluating history cannot be a challenge of only a small group of scholars. Its review is best organized on a comprehensive basis. This should always be a wider collaboration process of local and foreign historians and not the work of a single person.

But so do historians who share different views.

This process is completely normal and necessary in historical sciences and does not happen only in Albania. What is Albanian is the extreme politicization and radicalism of historical processes and the deformation of history.

One of the main reasons for this extreme revisionism of the history of the war is that the nature of the struggle of the Albanian people against the occupier is confused, or more precisely identified, with the nature of the leadership of this war or the political force that led it.

It is precisely these phenomena that must be separated from each other.

So that it does not happen that one generation learns the history of the kingdom as the most Anatolian period of the life of the state, while another, on the contrary, as the most glorious and right-oriented time in the history of Albania.