Where do most soccer balls in the world come from?

2022-12-04 18:00:39Sport SHKRUAR NGA REDAKSIA VOX
Where do most soccer balls in the world come from?

 

 

Sialkot, a city in northeastern Pakistan, produces about 70 percent of the world's supplies, including Adidas' Al Rihla, the official ball of the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar.

If you have a soccer ball at home, chances are it came from Sialkot, a city in northeastern Pakistan near the border with Kashmir.

More than two-thirds of the world's soccer balls are produced in one of the city's 1,000 factories. Among them is Adidas Al Rihla, the official ball of the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar.

In Sialkot, about 60,000 people work in the soccer ball manufacturing sector, or about 8% of the city's population. Often they work for a long time and sew the parts of the balls by hand.

Where do most soccer balls in the world come from?

More than 80% of the soccer balls produced in Sialkot are sewn by hand, a painstaking process that makes the ball more durable and gives it more aerodynamic safety. Hand stitches are deeper and have more tension than machine stitches.

Where do most soccer balls in the world come from?

At the factory, Anwar Khawaja Industries, seamstresses are paid about 160 rupees – $0.75 per ball. It takes three hours to complete. With three balls a day, a seamstress can earn around 9,600 rupees a month. Even for a poor region, wages are low. The researchers estimate that to make a good living, the salary in Sialkot would have to be 20,000 rupees.

Where do most soccer balls in the world come from?

Most of the people who sew balls are women. On a typical day at the Anwar Khawaja Industries factory, they might sew two balls, return home to cook for the children, and then continue working in the afternoon in a nearby village.

Where do most soccer balls in the world come from?

Usually, men work at various stages of the production process, preparing materials or testing quality. Until labor regulations were passed in 1997, factories in Sialkot employed children as young as 5 years old alongside their parents.

A 2016 report described the ban on child labor as a threat to the industry in Sialkot because it “turned away an entire segment of a potentially skilled generation,” causing a persistent labor shortage.

Where do most soccer balls in the world come from?

Punëtorët aplikojnë ngjitës te materialet e tekstilit, duke formuar një pjesë të lëkurës sintetike të topit të futbollit. Përbërësit e lëkurës sintetike, të realizuar me pambuk, poliester dhe poliuretan, vijnë nga vende të ndryshme.

Materialet kineze përdoren për topa më ekonomikë,ndërsa ato koreanojugore për topa me cilësi të lartë. Për topat në Bundesligën gjermane apo kampionate të tjera europiane përdoren përbërës nga Japonia.

Where do most soccer balls in the world come from?

Punëtorët analizojnë panelet e topave të futbollit në Anëar Khawaja Industries. Çdo top tradicional përbëhet nga 20 gjashtëkëndësha dhe 12 pesëkëndësha të bashkuar me 690 qepje.

However, an increasing number of footballs are now joined with hot glue – a process called thermo-bonding. These balls are also of high quality and are cheaper to manufacture but more expensive to ship and, unlike a stitched ball, cannot be deflated or repaired.

Where do most soccer balls in the world come from?

Soccer balls undergo rigorous testing to comply with FIFA standards. It is estimated that people around the world buy about 40 million soccer balls every year. Sales are expected to increase during the World Cup.

Photos by: Jun Michael Park/ Bloomberg

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