The FILE of the former State Insurance for Qazim Mullet is opened

2023-08-28 12:43:40Histori SHKRUAR NGA REDAKSIA VOX
Qazim Mulleti

The files of the former State Security for Qazim Mullet, the Prefect of Tirana during the Second World War, are opened. 
The authority makes available to researchers documents that were collected by the former State Security from the official archives of the time (1940-1944), when more than most are ordinances, decisions issued by the office of the Prefect of Tirana

The former State Security file of one of the most complex figures in the history of the capital, the former Prefect of Tirana (1940-1944), Qazim Mulleti, whom the communist historiography of portrayed as a traitor, agent, criminal and anathema through propaganda in the artistic work of the regime, 'The Prefect', published during the last century.

The opening of the file that the secret police of the totalitarian regime has created for him, along with the opening of opportunities for reviewing his image in the light of the facts and not the propaganda of the time, constitutes a fundamental change in the relationship of our society with the past, and the society's relationship with itself and with other generations is stated in the notification of this authority.

Today, the Authority makes available to researchers documents that were collected by the former State Security from the official archives of the time (1940-1944), when most of them are orders, decisions issued by the office of the Prefect of Tirana. The letters are without any mistakes in the spelling of the Albanian language, full of style and legal references that make you understand that the stereotype of the 'ignorant' Prefect was a fake product of propaganda.

In the documents of the former State Security, there is also a biography written for Qazim Mullet, which fails to erase the Prefect's long education and academic training in diplomacy.

File no. 19, is labeled with the language of hatred: "File folder with documents on the activity before and after the release of the criminal Qazim Mulleti." Inside it, ironically, you find this letter dated 29.03.1943, which he sends to the Minister of the Interior when he writes worried about the fate of four interned families, a total of 14 people:

"I pray for the release of persons from the families of the exiled refugees. Their stay in exile seems to us a terrible and inhuman suffering, even more so since they have been here for almost ten months or so, it has not been without any results, so in order not to see misery and not to leave them in a obedient state, we ask the Ministry to have the kindness to dispose of their release."

While communist historiography considers him a collaborator of fascism, in the documents there is also an internal document of the Italian authorities according to which the Prefect of Tirana develops propaganda against the Italian authorities and that he is a nationalist. Here is another letter from the Italian authorities where it is said that "he favors Myslym Peza, a 'gang leader'."

These are some details that show that the cooperation with the Italian authorities established after the invasion of the country, as seen later by researchers, was a geostrategic cooperation to increase Albania's presence in the Balkans by returning it to the old territories.

Of course, the Prefect of Tirana was anti-communist and in the Western spirit, an attitude that we appreciate today as an emancipation for the time, even more so now that history proved that dictatorships denied human rights and resulted in tragic consequences for a large part of innocent, of the population, mainly the elite and their descendants.

In the bundle of documents "On the activity of the war criminal Qazim Mulleti after his release on the run" there are letters addressed to his wife, Hajrie Kusi, and son Reshi, under the name of an Italian woman, but that the State Security knows that the letters were written by him .

In the content of the letter, it is learned that he sent them packages of food and clothes, where they were interned in the Savra camp. The postcard is stopped by the former Insurance, without arriving at the destination.

The documents for Qazim Mullet are found in three fascicles of a number of 300 sheets. But the documents for him also extend to 86 investigative-judicial files of people with whom he studied in Italy, worked during his duty, but also with others with whom he had neighborly and trade relations.

From a research on some of them, it can be seen that they have been sentenced to imprisonment and exile, some even to death. Mention here Ibrahim Bickaçiu, former prime minister of the country for a short time during the Second World War, a large land owner, educated in the West who, after exiles and imprisonments, ended up as a cemetery guard in Elbasan.

Some of these names are: Ali Qoraliu, Hysni Mulleti, Selim Daci, Giovanni Fachini, Besim Pazari, Hiqmet Biria, Selim Mati, Rexhep Picalli, Ymer Shaba, Haxhi Aga, Ali Qordja, Merita Sokoli, soprano, studied in Italy, Syrja Golja , Gjon Deda, Murat Basha, director of the Gendarmerie school, member of the Headquarters of the Legality Forces, Mehmete Hurshiti, Osman Mema, Andon Kozmaci. etc.

A society's relations with the past determine to a considerable extent the degree of its emancipation. The cold approach to historical events and characters, their treatment with relevant light-shadows, their contextualization would testify to a satisfactory degree of emancipation and liberalization of society.

The Authority invites researchers and the media to apply to familiarize themselves with the documentation in question.